List of Medical Abbreviations

Medical Abbreviations and acronyms are frequently dictated in medical reports and are an integral part of medicine.

Medical Abbreviations List

Abbreviation and acronyms are frequently dictated in medical reports and are an integral part of medicine. When abbreviations are dictated, transcriptionists should consult their reference books for their meanings and memorize them for future use.

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Abbreviation and acronyms are frequently dictated in medical reports and are an integral part of medicine. When abbreviations are dictated, transcriptionists should consult their reference books for their meanings and memorize them for future use.

Also Read: Preparation of Miscellaneous Medical Reports

We can understand all of this point by point

1- Abbreviations should be types as dictated. If abbreviations are not dictated, the transcriptionist should not supply them.

2 – Us e lowercase abbreviations with periods for abbreviations that are related to doses and dosages. Do not translate.

Given below some examples

  • p.o. b.i.d.   by mouth twice a daily
  • q.h.s.            every night at bedtime
  • q.id.             four times a day
  • q.d. not q. Day
  • q.4h. not q. 4 hours not q.4h

3 – No periods should be used with capital abbreviations. E.g.: ‑ CHF, WBC, RBC, IM

Given below some examples

  • CHF, WBC, RBC, IM

4 – No periods should be used with acronyms. An acronym is a word formed from the first letter of other words. Acronyms are initially formed with capital letters, but after they gain acceptance as words, they are sometimes converted to lowercase letters and their origin as initialism is forgotten.

Given below some examples

  • laser (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation)
  • AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome)
  • CABG (“cabbage” – coronary artery bypass graft)

5-  To make an abbreviation plural, simply add the letter ‘s’ with no apostrophe if the abbreviation is in all capital letters, but if the abbreviation ends in a periods, add an apostrophe and ‘s’.

Given below some examples

  • WBCs, PVCs, EEGs           not         WBC’s, PVC’s, EEG’s
  • M.D.’s                              not         M.D.s

6 – Add ’s to form plural of lowercase abbreviations.

Given below some examples

  • rbc’s      not         rbcs

7 – No abbreviations should be used in the headings even it dictated by the physician, except HEENT.

Given below some examples

Dictated:              HPI (Transcribed: History of Present Illness)

Medical Abbreviations List

Let us study the follow abbreviations –

AbbreviationsExplanation
Medical Abbreviations Letter A
A2aortic valve closure
ADLsactivities of daily living
ALK PHOSalkaline phosphatase
ANAantinuclear antibodies
A&Panterior and posterior OR Auscultation and percussion
ASOantistreptolysin-O
AVatrioventricular
Medical Abbreviations Letter B
BANDSband neutrophils
BRATbananas, rice cereal, applesauce and toast
B,S and U/BUSBartholin, Skene and urethral (glands)
B strepbeta streptococcus
Medical Abbreviations Letter C
CCelsius
CAcarcinoma
Cath, Cath’dcatheter; catheterize, catheterized
CCchief complaint
cccubic centimeter
C, difficileCostridium difficile
CINCervical intraepithelial neoplasia
CMVCytomegalovirus; cytomegalic virus
Cpk-mbCreatine phosphokinase with MB bands
C&SCulture and sensitivity
CSFCerebrospinal fluid
CVSCardiovascular system
Medical Abbreviations Letter D
D/CDischarge; discontinue
DecelsDecelerations
DiffDifferential
DlDeciliter
DNADeoxyribonucleic acid
Dr.Doctor
DTRsDeep tendon reflexes
Medical Abbreviations Letter E
EBEpstein-Barr
EENTeyes, ears, nose and throat
e.g.for example
EREmergency room
ESWLExtracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
Et al.And others
Etc.Et cetera
ETOHEthanol
Medical Abbreviations Letter F
FFahrenheit
FEF 25-75Forced expiratory flow, 25% to 75%
FEV1Forced expiratory volume in 1 second
Ft.Foot; feet
Medical Abbreviations Letter G
GGram
GGravid
GGT/GGTPGamma-glutamyl transpeptidase
Gr.Grain
Medical Abbreviations Letter H
H&HHematocrit and hemoglobin
H&PHistory and physical
HEENTHead, eyes, ears, nose and throat
HpfHigh-power field
h.s.hour of sleep
Medical Abbreviations Letter I
ICUIntensive care unit
i.e.that is
igImmunoglobulin
ininch
IUPIntrauterine pregnancy
Medical Abbreviations Letter J
JVDJugular venous distention
Medical Abbreviations Letter K
KPotassium
KCIPotassium chloride
Medical Abbreviations Letter L
LLiter
LALong-acting
lb, lbspound(s)
LDHLactic dehydrogenase /lactate dehydrogenase
LFTsLiver function tests
KFTKidney function test
LSLumbosacral
LVLeft ventricular
Medical Abbreviations Letter M
McgMicrogram
MCLMid clavicular line
MCVMean corpuscular volume
MCHMean corpuscular hemoglobin
MCHCMean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration
medsMedications
mEq/lmilli equivalent per liter
mg/dlmilligram per deciliter
mg/kgmilligram per kilogram
mmmillimeter
monosmonocytes
multipmultipara; multiparous
Medical Abbreviations Letter N
NCVnerve conduction velocity
neuroneurologic
nitronitroglycerin
NoNumber; #
Medical Abbreviations Letter O
OB/GYNobstetrics and gynecology
o.d.once a day
oriented x 3oriented to person, place and time
oriented to x 4oriented to person, place, time, and future plans
ozounce
Pphosphorous
P2pulmonary valve closure
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Awanish Kumar
Awanish Kumar
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